The Epione Underwing, July 28, 2003, courtesy of
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at email@example.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Genus: Catocala, Schrank, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
The Catocala epione moth
(wingspan: 55-65mm) flies from Quebec (rare) and Ontario south
through Connecticut to
Florida and west to
Texas and Oklahoma.
Tom Middagh reports them in Minnesota.
The pm line is squared and has a brown band and then a light band
just outside the line. The hindwing is black with pure white fringe
with no barring.
Catocala epione is the same as C. marginata, Fabricius,
The beautiful image of the specimen to the right was taken by John Himmelman
in Connecticut, August 9, 2003. This species flies to the ground
FLIGHT TIMES AND PREFERRED FOOD PLANTS:
portions of its range, Catocala epione flies as a single
generation with moths on the wing from early August to early
In more southerly locales there may be multiple flights with moths
on the wing from early June, but it is generally felt that all
Catocala species are univoltine.
Catocala epione male, Neiley's Landing, Missouri,
June 1995, courtesy of Pierre Legault.
The Catocala epione caterpillar shows a preference for
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory).
Moths come in to lights and to bait.
Adults eclose from pupae formed under leaf litter.
SCENTING AND MATING:
Catocala epione females
emit an airbourne pheromone and males use their antennae to track the
The Epione Underwing,
by Dale Clark, June 8, Texas.
EGGS, CATERPILLARS, COCOONS, AND PUPAE:
Eggs are deposited on tree bark in the fall and hatch the following spring.
Image courtesy of
Larval Food Plants
Listed below are primary food plant(s) and alternate food plants.
It is hoped that this alphabetical listing followed by the common
name of the foodplant will prove useful. The list is not exhaustive,
although some species seem very host specific.
Experimenting with closely related foodplants is worthwhile.
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